布斯库拉森林

卡萨布兰卡, 摩洛哥 | 2015-2018 | 土地规划
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布斯库拉森林景观设计

  • 业主:水源林业与防沙化高级管理局
  • 设计单位:AREP与Carey Duncan Design、 Fadel Guerraoui(建筑师)
斯库拉-美尔奇克林区占地约2992公顷,距离卡萨布兰卡市中心仅14公里,是一个巨大的天然绿色呼吸机。
布斯库拉森林与卡萨布兰卡的城市拥挤相比,呈现的是一派截然相反的自然休憩景象。AREP设计任务的目的需考虑到两个方面:为林区游客营造清净而安全的森林景观、建设休闲和娱乐空间以满足迅速增长的旅游需求,前提都是保持现有森林环境和生物物种.

Designing a welcoming environment for city dwellers

The redevelopment scheme aims to enhance the forest’s appeal and accessibility. To this end, the fence wall has been knocked down, new entrance points and car parks have been created, whereas cars have been pushed to the fringe of the site to encourage soft transport modes. Local natural materials have been used for ground surfacing and signage (stone, beaten earth, gabion walls, and wood).
The project has implemented a new signposting and wayfinding system aimed at providing users with a positive and stress-free experience. A collection of 550 signs (directional markers, stone directional signs, educational and sensory trail markers) under a forest-specific logo spread across the four zones of the site and guide visitors through the forest in a safe manner.

Preserving ecological and landscape unity

The site boasts a strong identity and comprises some ecologically remarkable but fragile areas. To deal with landscape, environmental and silvicultural challenges four zones have been created, each one dedicated to a specific purpose and activity:

  • “Petit Canton”: Recreation infrastructure and sports areas
  •  “Forêt de la Découverte” : Fauna and flora exploration tours
  •  “Forêt Laboratoire”: Environmental awareness
  •  “Grande Forêt”: Tree planting (pines and eucalyptus) aimed at maintaining the forest’s biological rhythm.

Each zone has been designed in accordance with the physical features of the area, its vegetation and accessibility.

Raising awareness over environmental issues

One of the highlights of the project lies in the intention to raise public awareness over environmental issues and involve schools in this process through trips and recreational activities. Educational and sensory trails help experience nature, while educational signs and a newly created conservation centre inform visitors on the history, fauna and flora of this extremely rich but also fragile ecosystem.